Identification and history of genocide with special reference to Srebrenica
Suada Dzogovi is member of the International Expert Team of the Institute for Research of Genocide, Canada
The authors, in this work, deal with the etiology of genocide, its definition, its historical diachrony, ideology and its consequences in society. By analyzing various cases of genocide from international practice, the authors noted that the genocide in Srebrenica represents the worst crime in the world since the end of World War II.
Applying analytical and synthetic and comparative method as scientific methods, including analysis of various cases of genocide under international practice, the author confirms that genocide in Srebrenica is the biggest crime in the world after the Second World War, and that the responsibility lies in the state of Serbia and Milosevic. This cognizance contributes to the use of historical method, method of observation, generalization and specialization method, method of proof and disproof, description method, statistical method, Delphi method and the method of interviews with prominent experts in the context of the broader aspects of this topic.
The perpetrators of the genocides in Balkans at the end of 20th century are known to the international community and the world public opinion. The responsibility for these genocides, and particularly for the genocide in Srebrenica, lies not only on individuals, political parties, leaders of paramilitary units, but the biggest responsibility lies on the state itself. The objectives of genocide on Bosnians, and Albanians were not only to occupy their territories, but also to wipe out completely both nations; although they had no other home country for their existence. The aggressor had planned, based on its well devised long-term projects, to carry out complete ethnic cleansing, destruction of cultural monuments of national tradition, as well as, all forms of spiritual life with an aim to completely wipe them out of history. Genocidal plan of the aggressor was summarized in two words: ”the group ‘us’ ” and ”group ‘them’ ”, which implied total destruction of the Bosnian and Albanian identity and creation of a so-called the Great Country which would be based on euphoria and false history.
We are of an opinion that the genocide on Bosnians and Albanians throughout history was not only a result of an ad hoc military aggression, but a well devised long-term project grounded in the highest layers of the intellectual and political elites, and reflected as cultural genocide, social genocide, tyrant-cide, memory genocide and the like. In conclusion of this study, we have highlighted the importance of the state taking its responsibility for the war crimes committed, the crimes against humanity and the genocide.
More: Genocid, English